Invention, Innovation, Inquiry


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Students will explore and identify how the process and preservation of food has changed over time and will see how raw materials can be processed into fudge. Throughout the unit students will be divided into four different teams and each team will become a different company. Each company will experiment with how material can be formed to keep a desired shape, how food can be packaged to keep it fresh, and the importance of cleanliness in a food production environment. As a culminating activity, each team will mass-produce and package their fudge for a fudge festival.

Learning Goals

Students will:

  • Analyze the causes of change in food quality over time.
  • Design a package that can extend the freshness of a food product.
  • Design a production system for a food product and use it to produce shaped fudge.
  • Recognize the importance of following and maintaining cleanliness when handling food products.


All units contain teacher background information, handouts, transparency masters, and a student packet.

Each unit is designed to integrate mathematics and science with technology and take 8 to 10 days.


Acknowledgment and Disclaimer
"This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0095922.""Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation."