Technological Literacy Standards

Phase II of TfAAP

The primary focus of Phase II of the Technology for All Americans Project (TfAAP) was to develop content standards* for the study of technology,* which were built upon the foundation outlined in Technology for All Americans: A Rationale and Structure for the Study of Technology (Rationale and Structure), developed during Phase I of the project. Phase II took place over four years (1996-2000) and involved thousands of individuals worldwide. It culminated in the publication of the document entitled Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology, commonly called STL, in 2000. STL was reprinted in 2002.
In addition to advising TfAAP staff on best practices in standards development, the Phase II Advisory Group offered specific advice on how technology education* can be taught as a core subject of inherent value as well as an integrated* subject within other content areas.
TfAAP utilized three Writing Teams during Phase II: one team focused on the standards for Grades K—2/3—5, a second team focused on the standards for Grades 6—8, and the third team focused on the standards for Grades 9—12. Each team had an appointed Leader and Recorder.
Eight formal drafts of STL were developed and reviewed before a final draft was prepared in Autumn 1999. Significant among the reviewers were two important agencies of the National Academy of Sciences: the National Research Council (NRC) and the National Academy of Engineering (NAE). Both NRC and NAE gave STL a positive review. NAE strongly supported implementing the standards* nationwide as a result of their involvement in the review process. It is noteworthy to recognize that this was the first time NAE supported a publication it did not write.
STL is NOT a curriculum.* It identifies a common set of expectations for what should be learned in Grade K—12 laboratory-classrooms* to ensure the effective, comprehensive study of technology across grade levels.* STL articulates content for the study of technology — the progression of facts and concepts that must be presented to students and understood by students as well as the abilities students should be able to demonstrate at specific grade level* assessment* checkpoints — to ensure that all students ultimately develop into technologically literate citizens. Technological literacy should be understood as the ability to use, manage, understand, and evaluate technology.
In addition to acquiring cognitive knowledge that integrates concepts from other educational disciplines, STL requires that students develop skills* through hands-on* participation in laboratory projects, thus acquiring the ability* to apply both knowledge and skills to the real world.
The standards articulated in STL were completed during Phase III of TfAAP by the development of a companion document entitled Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standards (AETL).
Completion of Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology (STL) ended Phase II of the Technology for All Americans Project. The document is available for review in read only, PDF format in TfAAP Publications.

Phase II Project Participants (1996-2000)

TfAAP Staff 

Dr. William E. Dugger, Jr., DTE, Project Director
Pam B. Newberry, Assistant Researcher, Project Manager & Contributing Writer
Melissa Smith, Editor
Stephanie Overton, Publications Coordinator
Constance Moehring, Volunteer Librarian & Researcher
Crystal Nichols, Administrative Assistant for Office Operations

Advisory Group

Rodger Bybee
Thomas Hughes, Jr.
George Nelson
Linda Rosen

James Rutherford
Kendall Starkweather
Gerald Wheeler
William Wulf

Writing Teams

Grades K—2/3—5 Subteam

Jane Wheeler, Leader
Michael Wright, Recorder
Clare Benson
Kristin Callender
Linda Hallenbeck

Jane Hill
Stephan Knobloch
Connie Larson
Kathy Thornton

Grades 6—8 Subteam

Franzie Loepp, Leader
Brigitte Valesey, Recorder
William Ball
Barry Burke
Denise Denton

Michael Hacker
Chip Miller
Tonia Schofield
Leon Trilling

Grades 9—12 Subteam

Rodney Custer, Leader
Anthony Gilberti, Recorder
Robert Daiber
Jeffrey Grimmer
Norman Hackerman

Michael Jensen
Michael Mino
Scott Warner
George Wilcox