Technological Literacy Standards

Phase I of TfAAP

Phase I of the Technology for All Americans Project (TfAAP)* lasted from October 1994 to September 1996. During that time, TfAAP focused on developing and refining a document entitled Technology for All Americans: A Rationale and Structure for the Study of Technology, commonly referred to as Rationale and Structure. [Cover of Technology for All Americans: A Rationale and Structure for the Study of Technology]

Early in Phase I, The National Commission for Technology Education was appointed to serve in an advisory capacity to the TfAAP staff. The TfAAP staff also had the able assistance of writing consultants during the preparation of Rationale and Structure.

Prior to its 1996 publication, Rationale and Structure underwent an extensive review and validation process by over 500 practitioners of technology,* science,* mathematics,* engineering*, and others.

Rationale and Structure laid the philosophical foundation for the structure* and study of technology* in K-12 laboratory-classrooms.* The document defined technology and discussed the power* and promise of it. It further articulated* the need to develop* technologically literate citizens and the essential role of education in achieving that goal. Additionally the document presented a framework identifying what every student should know and be able to do in order to develop into a technologically literate citizen.

Rationale and Structure provided a basis for the subsequent development of Standards for Technological Literacy: Content for the Study of Technology and its companion publication, Advancing Excellence in Technological Literacy: Student Assessment, Professional Development, and Program Standard, developed during Phase II and Phase III respectively of TfAAP.

Completion of Technology for All Americans: A Rationale and Structure for the Study of Technology (Rationale and Structure) ended Phase I of the Technology for All Americans Project. The document is available for review in read only, PDF format in TfAAP Publications. Note that Rationale and Structure was revised in 2005 (please see Phase III of the project).

Phase I Project Participants (1994-1996)

TfAAP Staff

Directors
Dr. William E. Dugger, Jr., DTE, Project Director
Dr. Richard E. Satchwell, Assistant Project Director
 
Support Staff

Jodie Altice
Elizabeth Chabala
Lisa Driscoll
Michelle Griffith
Jeff Meide
Lisa Thorne

Visiting Scholars
Dr. Laverne Young-Hawkins, Associate Professor, Texas A&M University
Dr. Hidetoshi Miyakawa, Associate Professor, Aichi University of Education, Aichi, Japan

Advisory Members of The National Commission for Technology Education

G. Eugene Martin, Chairperson
J. Myron Atkin
E. Allen Bame
M. James Bensen
Gene R. Carter
Robert A. Daiber
James E. Davis
Paul W. DeVore
Ismael Diaz
William E. Dugger, Jr.
Frank L. Huband
Thomas A. Hughes, Jr.
Patricia A. Hutchinson

Thomas T. Liao
Franzie L. Loepp
Elizabeth D. Phillips
Charles A. Pinder
William S. Pretzer
John M. Ritz
Richard E. Satchwell
Kendall N. Starkweather
Charles E. Vela
Walter B. Waetjen
John G. Wirt
Michael D. Wright

Writing Consultants

William Pretzer, Coordinator
Robert A. Daiber
Paul Devore

Franzie L. Loepp
Walter B. Waetjen
Michael D. Wright